New Zealand is one of my favourite places to visit – probably top three. Stunning landscapes, wonderful people, and a pace of life that’s less harried and more inviting. No wonder that when Paul Feenstra told me about his novels set in New Zealand that I immediately asked him to guest post. Welcome, Paul.
Digging Deep and Finding the Gem by Paul Feenstra
I’ve frequently said, “History is about the untold story, and writing historical fiction is a wonderful way to present the past in a compelling and entertaining way.” The caveat is to find that hidden gem which can develop an idea, and through research, morph into a story.
And I’ve found a few. A curious mind helps, and access to historical records is a must, as evidenced when I wrote my first published novel.
During the early stages of my research, I was poring over the manifest of the English ship ‘Tory’. This ship was used to transport the principal agent of the New Zealand Company, William Wakefield, and his associates, to New Zealand, for the express purpose of acquiring land from Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand. The Tory’s manifest listed a passenger named Nayati, and his occupation as, interpreter. Very innocuous and nothing peculiar about that. Other related historical documents I found refer to the names Nayti, Neti, Nahiti and Naiti. I made the presumption they all refer to the same person and he was probably named Ngaiti. Phonetically, the names sound very comparable, and it was unlikely many Māori were in England in 1839 with similar misspelled names.
Later, I discovered that in subsequent land court hearings, William Wakefield’s interpreter was proven to have lied to Māori during the first land transactions. According to court documents, the translators name was Richard Barrett. A far cry from Ngaiti. So where was he, what happened to Ngaiti? (no, he didn’t change his name)
I obtained an original book from ‘New Zealand Archives’, titled, ‘Information Relative to New-Zealand: Compiled for the Use of Colonists’, published in 1839, and written by the New Zealand Company secretary, John Ward. He writes of a male Māori –
‘We shall be particularly anxious about the fate of Nayati. He is no longer a New Zealander in manners, habits or tastes but has acquired those of a well bred Englishman.’
As Ward never visited New Zealand, this suggested Nayati, or Ngaiti, did live in England, and he was a Māori. Secretary Ward wrote more.
‘When the New Zealand Company dispatched their preliminary expedition in May last, Naiti was selected for the office of interpreter to the expedition, which he gladly accepted, as an opportunity of returning home in an honourable station in the English service.’
According to Ward, Ngaiti was offered the position of interpreter, and he gladly accepted. Then why was Ngaiti dismissed before he could begin work? There was no mention of misbehaviour, bad conduct or poor performance. Other written accounts of him state he was well liked and respected.
I found a short article written in an old journal that stated the author had met Ngaiti in New Zealand in 1841, and he had returned to wearing native costumes. This is odd when most other Māori began wearing European clothes. I can only surmise that Ngaiti departed England on the Tory as Company interpreter, but during the voyage to New Zealand either Colonel William Wakefield changed his mind, or Ngaiti did. What happened? The logical assumption is that Ngaiti disagreed with New Zealand Company ideology and may have expressed his feelings on the subject to company officials. This conclusion led me to begin a rough plot outline on a novel I would call ‘Boundary’.
As an author, real historical events sometimes unexpectedly fall into your lap that can truly enhance a story.
I mapped out my plot on Boundary, connected historical dots and made conclusions. However, there was a gap in my timeline that required filling. It would be convenient if a particular ship carrying an important figure, and very central to my plot, were to encounter difficulties during a sea voyage. A shipwreck would be ideal.
You can imagine my delight at discovering an article in a South African newspaper, ‘The Cape Government Gazette’ that detailed a brief News story about a ship which had run aground. It happened to be the same ship, and carrying the very same passenger I was writing about in my novel. What I’d only hoped would happen, actually did happen. Many events I detailed in ‘Boundary’ are true. I wove a fictitious story through these events and researched them in excruciating detail.
The harder you dig, the greater the reward. Perhaps my biggest find happened in the year 1873, where I uncovered the biggest hoax ever perpetrated in New Zealand history. You can read about that in my third novel to be published in August 2017, titled, ‘For Want of a Shilling’.
Boundary by Paul Feenstra – July 1839, without the knowledge of the English Government, the ship Tory, stealthily departed Plymouth, determined to reach New Zealand with the utmost speed. The objective, to purchase millions of acres of lands at the lowest possible price and then build the perfect society. The New Zealand Company called the first settlement Britannia, a civilization without the shortcomings and failings of a troubled English culture. On board the Tory, a young Scottish couple indentured to the New Zealand Company are excited at the prospect of beginning a new life, Britannia is the Utopia they’ve been promised. This is the story of adversity, the struggle to survive in the hardships of a new colony, and their fight to preserve morality and integrity in the face of greed, deception and injustice.
Many thanks, Paul. So intriguing to hear how your research secured just the right snippets of information. I wish you lots of success with your novels.
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M.K. Tod writes historical fiction. Her latest novel, TIME AND REGRET was published by Lake Union. Mary’s other novels, LIES TOLD IN SILENCE and UNRAVELLED are available from Amazon, Nook, Kobo, Google Play and iTunes. She can be contacted on Facebook, Twitter and Goodreads or on her website www.mktod.com.