Rules for Historical Fiction – Edward Rutherfurd

In May I had the pleasure of interviewing Edward Rutherfurd during the launch of his latest novel, PARIS. In preparation, not only did I read PARIS, but I also trolled the internet for perspectives on Rutherfurd’s writing and, of course, visited his website for biographical information and other tidbits.

One page on the website caught my eye: Rules for Writing Historical Novels. Here they are:

  1. Don’t invent history. (You can add characters and incidents as long as they fit in with known historical events.)
  2. Try to be fair. (There’s always more than one side to history.)
  3. You can leave doubt about what happened. (History is full of uncertainties.)
  4. Keep the chronology as accurate as possible. (Don’t mess with the timeline.)
  5. You can leave things out. (Readers don’t have patience for every detail.)
  6. Complete historical truth is unknowable.

And the seventh rule: “How to test if you’ve done a decent job? Take the manuscript to a good historian of the period. Ask: “If one of your students wants to read this, would you say, “All right, it won’t mislead you.’ ” If the answer is yes, then it’s OK. If not, then it isn’t.”

For writers of historical fiction, Rutherfurd’s rules offer straightforward advice. For readers, these rules seem to represent a sound balance between enjoyment and learning.

5 thoughts on “Rules for Historical Fiction – Edward Rutherfurd”

  1. I totally agree with these rules but wonder if there are different genres within this genre: for example, as a history buff reading historical fiction I prefer more emphasis on the history than what is expected in popular historical fiction. I like to be entertained but the real value for me is to learn something about the life and times. Then I feel I have gained real value from the book.
    sistersofthebruce.wordpress.com

    1. A very interesting perspective, Jeanette. I’ll be publishing the results of my historical fiction survey fairly soon and you will see the different perspectives on who reads historical fiction and what they love about it! It’s one of those ‘beauty is in the eye of the beholder’ questions.

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